Facts about the Archdiocese of New York

  • Saint Peter’s Church, Barclay Street, the first Catholic parish in New York State, was founded on October 5, 1785.
  • New York’s first bishop, the Most Reverend Richard Luke Concanen, O.P. (1747–1810) was appointed by Pius VII in 1808. The Napoleonic Wars delayed Concanen’s departure for New York, and on June 19, 1810, Concanen died in Naples, never having set foot in his new diocese.
  • The cornerstone of Old Saint Patrick’s Cathedral, Mott Street, was laid in 1809. The new Saint Patrick’s Cathedral on Fifth Avenue was dedicated in 1879.
  • In 1809, Father Anthony Kohlmann, S.J., the future vicar general of the Diocese of New York, founded the New York Literary Institute, New York’s first Catholic college. The institute closed in 1813.
  • The first German parish in New York City, Saint Nicholas, was established in 1833, serving the German community of New York until 1960.
  • The first Italian parish in New York City, Saint Anthony of Padua, was founded in 1866.
  • The first Polish parish in New York City, Saint Stanislaus, Bishop and Martyr, was founded in 1872.
  • The first African-American parish in New York City, Saint Benedict the Moor, was founded in 1883.
  • The first Spanish-speaking parish in New York City, Our Lady of Guadalupe, was founded in 1902.
  • The Sisters of Charity, founded by Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton in 1809 in Emmitsburg, Maryland, was the first community of religious sisters to work in the Archdiocese of New York.
  • Pope Paul VI, the first reigning pontiff to visit the United States, prayed with Francis Cardinal Spellman at Saint Patrick’s Cathedral and Holy Family Church, Manhattan, spoke before the United Nations General Assembly, met with President Lyndon B. Johnson at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel, offered Mass at Yankee Stadium, and visited the Vatican Pavilion at the World’s Fair—all in a fourteen hour whirlwind trip to New York on October 4, 1965.
  • Blessed Pope John Paul II visited New York in October 1979, and again in October 1995.
  • Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI visited New York in April 2008.

 

Noteworthy Catholics who Have Impacted the History of the Church in New York

 

  • Saint Isaac Jogues. S.J. and Companions—The North American Martyrs
  • Governor Thomas Dongan
  • Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton
  • Saint Kateri Tekakwitha
  • Venerable Pierre Toussaint
  • Saint John Neumann
  • Servant of God Felix Varela
  • Archbishop John Hughes
  • Servant of God Rose Hawthorne Lathrop
  • Servant of God Isaac Hecker
  • Father John Drumgoole
  • Saint Frances Cabrini
  • Governor Alfred E. Smith
  • Francis Cardinal Spellman
  • Thomas Merton
  • Servant of God Dorothy Day
  • Servant of God Katherine DeHueck Doherty
  • Servant of God Walter Ciszek, S.J.
  • Mary Lou Williams
  • Mother Theodore Williams, F.H.M.
  • Servant of God Pope Paul VI
  • Gil Hodges
  • Servant of God Terence Cardinal Cooke
  • Blessed Teresa of Calcutta
  • John Cardinal O’Connor
  • Blessed John Paul II